Hospitals in general are considered the most vital services in any community due to their profound effect on the lives of all members of the community. Therefore, they should be designed and constructed in accordance with strict biomedical codes that comply with international standards and specifications. Consequently, what makes Imam Al-Hujjah Hospital project most worthy is that it is filling-in the shortage in hospitals with multiple specialties that must operate in accordance with the international codes and standards, in a province of 1.5 million notwithstanding annual visits of millions of pilgrims.
Compound’s Construction Site Details:
The hospital compound, with a 145 beds capacity, is located on a 7500 m2 total land (1.9 acre) and consists of a main building and four auxiliary buildings that will support the operation of the hospital. The hospital building consists of eight vertical floors and two adjacent floors with a total area of 14,000 m2 under construction that is equal to 151,000 ft2 or 3.5 Acres.
- The ground and the first floors areas are 2,800 m2 each.
- The 2nd to 7th floors have an average area of 1,400 m2, each floor.
- In addition to medical quarters, the hospital building contains a 100-person capacity conference hall, a public cafeteria, prayer halls, laundry department and a 350 m2 kitchen.
- The auxiliary buildings include medical records, central stores and workshops, mechanical and electrical rooms, morgue and medical waste treatment plant, with a total area of 2,000 m2.
The Surgical Theater:
The surgical theater consists of seven operation rooms and pre and postoperative holding areas with a total area of 1600 m2. There will be two specialized operation rooms and three general ORs, in addition to one cardiac catheterization lab, and one minor surgery room in the ER. All are fully equipped with most advanced medical equipment. Moreover, the hospital will be furnished with a state of the art endoscopy unit. The operation rooms will be in the form of modular operating cells, built with stainless steel wall-boards, and all furnished with Laminar Airflow system, rubber conductive floors, and Camera and Video recording system to insure quality control of operations as well as for telemedicine purposes.
Central Sterile Supply Department (CSSD):
To insure successful surgical operations and clean medical treatment procedures, a 300 m2 Central Sterile Supply Department (CSSD) was built in close proximity with the surgical department. The CSSD will be furnished with state of the art equipment that perform washing, disinfection, sterilization and packaging the surgical tools and equipment, as well as ER, endoscopy, ICU and CCU essential tools and consumables. It is worth mentioning, to this date, the Imam Al-Hujjahhospital is the only medical center in the country that enjoys internationally approved comprehensive CSSD department.
From the inception of the project we were keen to allow the hospital building to conform to the international standards and specifications and comply with the codes of Iraq’s Ministry Of Health (MOH). Therefore, the architectural design was planned carefully to meet the aforementioned standards. The designer engineers have followed these guidelines:
1) AIA 2010 (FGI: guidelines for design and construction of health care facilities 2010). For renovation and existing buildings, published by facility Guidelines institute.
2) NHS estate (HBN): Health Building Notes published by NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement.
The mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems design is employed according to the following international codes and standards:
- American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE).
- Hospital Technical Memorandum (HTM).
- Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI).
- Life Safety Code (NFPA 101).
- Healthcare Facilities (NFPA 99).
- International Conference of Plumbing Official. Plumbing Code (ICBO).
- IEE wiring regulations (BS 7671).
- National Fire Alarm Code (NFPA 72).
- British Standards (B.S).
- Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES).
- Protection of Structures against lightning (BS EN 62305).
- Code of Interior Lighting: The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE).
The following electrical systems have been so far installed in the building:
- Fire alarm system.
- Control and Monitoring system.
- Clock system.
- Nurse Calls System.
- CCTV System.
- UPS system.
- SMA TV System.
- Lighting Instillation.
- Lighting Protection System.
- Security System.
In addition, there will be seven electrical power generators of 1550 KVA/each along with their transformers and high & low electrical pressure networks installed at the site.
The employed mechanical systems are:
- Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) System.
- Water Supply System.
- Drainage System.
- Fire Fighting System.
- Steam System.
- Medical Gases System.
- Medical waste treatment plant.
In addition, there will be eight elevators to serve patients, medical staff, and hospital personnel.
ICT (Information and Communication Technology) System:
The ICT Systems and installations used in the hospital are as follows:
- Hospital Information Management System (HIMS).
- Barcode Systems.
- Radiology Information System (RIS).
- Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS).